Chongqing is located in the southeastern section of the Sichuan Basin
where the Yangtze and Jialing rivers meet. It is the largest industrial
and commercial city in southwestern China and the economic center
of the upper reaches of the
Yangtze River. It is a metropolis under the direct jurisdiction of the Central Government. Chongqing, also known as Yu, was established some 3,000 years ago. Renowned for its romantic mountains, rivers, and fog, Chongqing is an ideal spot for relaxation. The majority of the buildings in Chongqing are located on the hillsides and mountains surrounding the city. The climate in Chongqing is often cloudy and misty with an average annual precipitation of about l, 000 millimeters. As a consequence, it is also called the "City of Fog."
Chongqing has many places of interest in both its urban and rural regions. Traveling eastward along the Yangtze River, one can enjoy the magnificent Three Gorges. Every year from May through June, the Three Gorges International Travel Festival is held in Chongqing.
Dazu Grottoes is situated 105 miles west of downtown Chongqing. The Dazu Grottoes are another outstanding example of later Chinese grotto art. There are more than 100 cliff carvings containing 60,000 sculptures spread over 76 different places, all mainly related to Buddhism. The content and craftsmanship of these carvings are best at the Beishan and Baoding hills. The art of Dazu that emerged in the late Tang Dynasty (618- 907) and flourished in the Song Dynasty (960-1127) represents an important chapter in China's cultural and religious history.
34 miles from downtown Chongqing, Jinyun Mountain, also known as the lesser Mt. Emei, is a state-level scenic spot.
The Three Gorges
The 120 miles long Three Gorges area on the Yangtze River goes from Baidicheng of Fengjie County in the west to Nanjinguan of Yichang City in the east. It consists of Qutang, Wuxia, and Xiling gorges. Chongqing is the best starting place for the trip along the Three Gorges. Fifty-luxury cruise-lines shuttle between Chongqing, Yichang and Wuhan, offering cruises ranging from a simple day-trip to extended vacations.